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Institutional documents

General Secretary's Annual Report 2023

Dans l’édition de cette année de son rapport, le secrétaire général de l’Otan revient notamment sur l’adhésion de la Finlande, le sommet de Vilnius, lors duquel l’Alliance a renforcé sa défense collective, ou encore sur l’approfondissement de la coopération avec les partenaires de l’Indo-Pacifique. Le rapport contient également les résultats des derniers sondages sur la […]

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Choosing Europe's future. Global Trends to 2040

Le rapport analyse les principales tendances mondiales à l’horizon 2040 et leur impact possible sur l’Union européenne. Il présente certains choix et questions stratégiques que les dirigeants européens pourraient être amenés à aborder au cours des cinq prochaines années et au-delà. Le rapport met l’accent sur le passage en cours d’une ère de coopération à […]

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25 recommendations for AI in France

The Commission makes 25 recommendations to the public authorities, 7 of which are priorities if France wants to lead the way in Europe towards collective appropriation and deployment of the full potential of artificial intelligence (AI). The aim is to promote a "French AI ecosystem" and to train the public in the use of these new technologies.

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Public opinion survey on security, defence and NATO conducted in 2023 among the population of Alliance countries

In 2023, as in previous years, NATO conducted a survey to find out how the citizens of Alliance countries view defence and security issues. A large number of respondents consider that being a member of NATO reduces the risk of attack by a third country, and the proportion of respondents in favour [...]

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Cyber threat panorama 2023

This third edition of the Cyberthreat Panorama describes the main trends observed in 2023 by the French National Agency for Information Systems Security (ANSSI). This document focuses on the intentions of attackers, their capabilities and the opportunities exploited to compromise information systems (IS), providing concrete examples of incidents dealt with by the ANSSI [...].

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The European Defence Industrial Strategy

For the first time, a defence industrial strategy is being prepared at European Union level. Accompanied by a European Defence Industry Programme (SIDP), this strategy aims to support the competitiveness and readiness of the DTIB-E. Its objective is to encourage Member States to invest more, better, together and in better ways. Its aim is to encourage Member States to invest more, better, together and in different ways.

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Defence Innovation Orientation 2023 (DrOID) reference document

Published annually, the Defence Innovation Orientation Reference Document (DrOID) sets out the ambitions of the Ministry of Defence's innovation policy. The 2024 edition follows on from the 2024-2030 Military Programming Law and emphasises the need for a new approach to defence innovation. Ministry of the Armed Forces, February [...]

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Security cooperation agreement between France and Ukraine

During the Ukrainian President's visit to Paris in February 2024, France and Ukraine signed a bilateral security agreement. Concluded for a period of 10 years and valid until Ukraine joins NATO, the agreement provides for "global assistance" from Paris to Kiev, "active deterrence [...] in the face of [...] [...]".

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Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Armed Forces, information report, Why the future of Europe is at stake in Ukraine

A delegation from the committee visited Warsaw on 18 and 19 December and then Kiev on 20 and 21 December 2023, and this report sets out the consequences of Russia's aggression against Ukraine in 2022. It highlights the economic rupture between Russia and Europe, putting an end to economic and energy exchanges [...].

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UK, Japan and Italy sign international stealth fighter jet programme treaty

The UK, Japan and Italy have signed an agreement for the development of a future combat aircraft. While one of the stated advantages of this programme appears to be economic, the members of this partnership are also demonstrating their desire to contribute to security in the Indo-Pacific region by acquiring [...].

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Information report on the assessment of military support for Ukraine, submitted by Lionel ROYER-PERREAUT and Christophe NAEGELEN, No. 1840

Violence in political activism is nothing new, but the aim of this report is to establish a diagnosis of the current situation. Which movements resort to violent action? What are their motives and where do they come from? From environmentalist occupations to accelerationism, a movement that preaches racial war and seeks to unleash it through attacks. It [...]

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Information report on violent activism, presented by Jérémie IORDANOFF and Éric POULLIAT, No. 1864

Violence in political activism is nothing new, but the aim of this report is to establish a diagnosis of the current situation. Which movements resort to violent action? What are their motives and where do they come from? From environmentalist occupations to accelerationism, a movement that preaches racial war and seeks to unleash it through attacks. It [...]

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Defence Equipment & Support Strategy

The invasion of Ukraine has rekindled fears of high-intensity conflict. The UK is therefore seeking to strengthen and modernise its defence apparatus. This document, which should be read in conjunction with a revised version of the Integrated Review, sets out the main directions for the British Army in terms of equipment, innovation and modernisation.

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Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on countering potential threats posed by drones

This document sets out European policy on protection against hostile drones. The aim is to provide a collective framework for harmonised legislation, with a view to coordinating the recognition of a potential threat that is set to multiply. European Commission, 2023 Consult

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EU defence after Versailles: An agenda for the future

This analysis seeks to paint a picture of developments in European defences since the Versailles summit in March 2022. It also puts forward proposals concerning relations between Europe and NATO and the European Union's course of action in the event of an external crisis. European Parliament, 2023 Consult

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Information report on energy security and energy market reform

The winter of 2022 has been marked by concerns about the cost of energy. Since the start of the Ukrainian conflict, Europe's gas-dependent economies have suffered, with concerns about supply disruptions. Against this backdrop, this paper seeks to diagnose Europe's energy needs and how to limit dependence on Russian gas.

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The Directorate General of Armaments launches the Defence Industrial Operational Reserve, 2023

Against a backdrop of increased capability requirements, the DGA is looking to recruit a specific reserve of 3,000 people in areas of the defence industry. This would cover everything from army equipment and navy logistics to munitions production. Initial agreements have been signed with Scania [...].

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Finance Bill 2024, (LPM year 1), 2023

From 2024, the defence budget will see an increase of €3.3 billion, for a total of €47.2 billion. This means that the budget will have grown by 46% between 2017 and 2024. This document sets out the consequences for the armed forces: new equipment, major materiel, maintenance in operational condition, right through to the introduction [...].

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Report to Parliament on French arms exports

In 2022, French arms exports reached a "historic" figure of almost 27 billion euros. These exports underline the quality of France's military equipment, but they also call for a major effort in terms of control. It is essential to ensure that these exports are consistent with our understanding of [...].

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Report to Parliament on French exports of dual-use goods

This is the 2022 report that the Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industrial and Digital Sovereignty has submitted to Parliament on the export of goods with both civilian and military applications. The economic stakes are high because they require control through the granting or non-granting of export licences. The issue is [...]

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Robust. Resilient. Sustainable. Integrated Security for Germany. National Security Strategy

On 14 June 2023, Germany adopted its first National Security Strategy. This document analyses the threats and sets out the country's strategic priorities. It promotes an "integrated security" policy that goes beyond defence to include diplomacy, development, cyber security and supply chain resilience. In [...]

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RNN: a complex and persistent digital information manipulation campaign

In this report, VIGINUM, the State's technical and operational service responsible for vigilance and protection against foreign digital interference, presents a summary of the investigations that have revealed the existence of a digital campaign to manipulate information against France, involving Russian actors and in which [...]

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