"Keeping the United States close, China at a distance and Russia weakened: how Europeans are evolving in a competitive world".

Carried out among the populations of eleven EU countries in April 2023, this survey examines the attitudes of Europeans towards China, Russia and the United States. It reveals that a majority of respondents want the EU to be autonomous in security and defence matters. However, the conclusions of the report on China show that European leaders still need to convince the European public of the need to reduce the risks associated with relations between the EU and Beijing. Indeed, 43 % of Europeans currently consider Beijing to be "a necessary partner" for their country and would be reluctant to apply sanctions against it.
PUGLIERIN Jana, ZERKA Pawel, Policy Brief, ECFR, 7 June 2023.