In Egypt and Tunisia, the Muslim Brotherhood were the big winners of the "Arab Spring" of 2011. A few months after the uprisings, which they had not anticipated, elections brought them to power. So what happened between their unexpected arrival at the head of the two states and their brutal ousting, supported by the [...]
A dual geopolitical and geo-economic acceleration is underway, against a backdrop of growing Sino-American rivalry, Sino-Russian rapprochement, the strengthening of NATO and the political emergence of the "global South". The author highlights the dangers of these pivotal areas where vital trade is concentrated: the China Seas, with its flow of microprocessors through the Straits of [...].
Our entry into the Anthropocene - this new geological era characterised by the unprecedented influence of human societies on the planet's natural cycles - is having profound repercussions on international relations. Climate change, loss of biodiversity: the effects of the ecological crisis and the pollution caused by extractivism are multiplying and provoking [...]
Is it economically rational for political entities to choose the path of destructive conflict rather than that of mutually beneficial exchange and cooperation? Defence economics was created to answer this fundamental question, which has long been overshadowed by the work of the 'founding fathers' of economics. As such, [...]
Who knows that France and the United States once clashed? In the second half of the 1790s, these two allied powers came into open conflict. Although war was never officially declared, the French and Americans clashed in naval battles on both sides of the Atlantic and captured more and more ships.
You can kill in the name of God! We have recently rediscovered this through acts of terrorism and new wars of religion, in France and elsewhere. In the Western world today, many believe that believers should renounce their claim to truth. Wouldn't exclusivism, according to which only one religion is true, inevitably lead to intolerance [...]?
The third and final volume of Napoleon's Memoirs opens with the Emperor's abdication, forced to leave Fontainebleau for the island of Elba. This forced exile did nothing to dampen Napoleon's spirit of conquest, and all he could think about was returning to Paris. After a campaign lasting almost a hundred days and Waterloo, the imperial adventure finally came to an end [...].
These texts were written by Charles de Gaulle, usually in extenso, sometimes with a circumstantial insertion by André Pironneau. Signed by Pironneau to cover the officer exposed to the risks of "hierarchical disapproval", they are unpublished but provide a better understanding of who their author is: his campaign in the 1930s to put the French [...].
France Culture, 20 January 2024 Listen
with Laurence Bindner and Amélie Ferey, Le Collimateur, 16 January 2024 Listen