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"The great continuous enlargement: a new process twenty years on".

This article shows that enlargement plays a key role in European security. The author describes the various internal threats and external dangers for Europe and shows that the European Union must transform itself, increase its defence capabilities (she proposes in particular the creation of a sort of European Victory Program), solidify its alliances and guarantee the security of its [...].

"L'obligation de loyauté envers la constitution des soldats de la Bundeswehr et l'obligation de réserve des soldats français : Deux mécanismes d'encadrement des comportements antidémocratiques au sein des forces armées".

Against a backdrop of rising populism in Europe, this paper sheds light on the origins of the anti-democratic acts recorded in the French and German armies. The author compares the obligation of loyalty to the Constitution of German soldiers with the obligation of reserve of French soldiers, and the disciplinary consequences of breaches [...].

"The future of nuclear proliferation after the war in Ukraine".

The article reviews the arguments predicting an acceleration in nuclear proliferation in the coming years and shows how the literature has partly overestimated the risks of proliferation since the strategic breakthrough brought about by the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The only exceptions, in the author's view, are the Middle East and East Asia, where the [...]

Militarising Africa: the Soviet origins of a Russian doctrine

Russia is the leading supplier of arms to the African continent. This policy of military involvement does not date back to Putin. In a historical study that stretches from Angola to Guinea-Bissau, Natalia Telepneva gives an account of the reasons for and role of Soviet involvement in Africa - and tracks down their reminiscences today. Natalia TELEPNEVA, The Great [...]

Young people and war: representations and willingness to get involved

Based on a large-scale quantitative survey, this study presents the relationship that young people have with the reality of war. Contrary to certain preconceived ideas, the data explored in this report show, for example, that young French people are generally in favour of increasing the resources allocated to the army, that they are [...]

Emmanuel Macron's Russia policy: stages and roots of a new approach, 2017-2024

In this detailed article, the author revisits the characteristics and evolution of President Macron's Russia policy. He reviews the different stages of this policy since 2017 and presents the modalities of its gradual but significant transformation. He shows that, despite initial "serious errors of assessment", the French president has finally succeeded in [...]

"Putin's industry and war: deconstructing a myth

Using figures, the author presents the evolution of Russia's armaments economy over the last two years. While Russia's economy has not collapsed, its industrial capacity suffers from major weaknesses that could eventually become a real handicap to the Russian war effort. LUZIN Pavel, Le Grand Continent, 21 February 2024 [...]

"For effective European economic security

Based on interviews with decision-makers, François Godement deciphers the European debates around de-risking, and outlines a realistic path for coordinating action by the EU and the Member States: proceeding in stages rather than choosing between defensive and offensive measures. GODEMENT François, Institut Montaigne, March 2024 Read more

"The French army in the Sahel: a doctrinal corpus put to the test

The author of this text sets out to assess the relevance of the doctrinal framework that has guided France's military presence in the Sahel between 2011 and 2023. In particular, it highlights the limits and weaknesses of the French doctrinal precepts that have guided France's intervention in the Sahel. BAGAYOKO Niagalé, Ifri Studies, Ifri, [...]